Watches have been in existence for many years since their invention, and many watches with different characteristics and functions have been born during this long development. Japan’s Citizen is a famous watch brand with many different styles of watches and is also sought after by many watch lovers. Among them, Citizen Optoelectronics watches and mechanical watches are the most popular.
1. How is the quality of Citizen’s light kinetic energy and mechanical watches?
How are Citizen’s light kinetic energy and mechanical watch quality?
Citizen is a famous watch brand in Japan, and many watches launched by Citizen are refreshing and give a new definition of watches. Citizen’s kinetic energy watch is one of Citizen’s most popular watch series. Unlike mechanical and quartz watches, the use of light sources as energy drives, that is, environmental protection and saves the earth’s resources, meets the requirements of modern society. Citizen mechanical watches are at the low-end level in the world. Although there is a gap with Swiss brand-name watches, the quality is relatively reliable.
The citizen watch brand has been established for a long time, and it also has its own watchmaking process and characteristics. The quality of Citizen’s light function and mechanical watches is relatively guaranteed, and consumers can purchase with confidence.
2, Citizen City kinetic energy watch ranking
How are Citizen’s light kinetic energy and mechanical watch quality?
Citizen watches have certain popularity in the world, and the kinetic energy watch is an important product of Citizen. The design of energy-saving and environmental protection has been recognized by many consumers. There is clear regulation on the international ranking of watch rankings. If it is the global radio wave kinetic energy, Citizen is the first in the world.
In terms of ranking, this “first” ranking shows that the quality of most of Citizen’s watches is guaranteed, and it is inexpensive and the price is below 10,000. The same watch brands include Seiko, Oriental Swan, and Casio, etc., which are also well-known watch brands.
The products produced in Japan have always been sought after by consumers around the world with good quality. The quality of watches from Citizen Japan is unquestionable. The unique light source drive technology of Citizen’s kinetic energy watches also makes Citizen watches stand out among many watch brands. Consumers interested in Citizen’s optical kinetic energy and mechanical watches, do not have to worry about the quality of the watch, you can rest assured to buy.
Royal Oak/ Royal oak offshore is one of the top three luxury sports watches in the world (the other two are PATEK PHILIPPE’s nautilus and Vacheron Constantin), and there are so many people who like it, so no matter whether in the primary market or the secondary market, they are very hot and strong. Royal Oak/Royal Oak is offshore and is very familiar to the player’s watch, and many people wear it. How about the Audemars Piguet Royal Oak offshore? Many veteran players know that the royal oak was designed by jiro zunda, so today I want to tell you a very interesting thing, royal oak offshore, why is this?
Royal Oak was launched in 1972 and launched at sea in 1993.
As we all know, the royal oak was designed by the famous designer zunda jiro zunda (died in 2011) and launched in 1972. In 1989, Abby’s CEO Stephen Urquhart wanted to launch a royal oak for young people, because statistically, the average purchaser of ordinary royal oak is over 40 years old. Abby wants to launch a watch that appeals to young people. This is why the Royal Oak was launched offshore. The CEO handed the task to a designer working at the Abbey Church to design the new Royal Oak. This is the designer of Emmanuel Gate, the Royal Oak Offshore Company, as shown below.
My brother started designing the offshore model. The first thing he did was to increase the size of the watch. The early Royal Oak was a small modern standard when the 5402 was 39 mm (then large at the time). Emmanuel Gueit found that many women have already worn men’s watches, so he plans to increase the size of the watch. He designed the Royal Oak Coast Watch for men. There is no doubt that he is ahead of his time. The 42mm offshore model is perfect for today’s size.
The first royal oak boat, type 25721, launched in 1993
The early Royal Oak Sea model used rubber chronograph buttons and a rubber crown (now 26470 is a ceramic button and crown). This is because the rubber can expand when heated, and there is a ring in the middle of the timing button, crown, and case. Rubber can be used to resist hot water and water vapor from entering the watch. Royal oak marine rubber works between minus 45 degrees and 165 degrees (up to 180 degrees) and is an advanced material in the 1980s.
The first Royal Oak was launched in 1993 and was named 25721.
Type overseas designer Emanuel Gueit said that when using the product, the movement, because the early Royal Oak offshore type is close, the bottom case is designed with a magnetic inner shell layer, because the magnetic inner shell layer, so take up space The size of the product family this sport is small, the right size, so choose this product to go home sports (Abby, Patek Philippe, and Vacheron Constantin once had a family product sports tradition).
Royal Oak Sea Structure Chart, 1993.
At first, he didn’t know.
Because the new design of the Royal Oak offshore is much different than the traditional version of the Royal Oak, especially for such a large size, too different, because the size is too large, the first offshore type is called “beast” in English is a beast (Foreigners), so Abby is also lacking in my heart. Consider whether it is right or wrong to launch an offshore type. This is why the sea version was originally designed in 1989 and was introduced only in 1993. Because this is very confusing.
In 1993, the first Royal Oak Sea was 25,721 units.
Finally, in 1993, Abby released the Royal Oak Offshore (Type 25721), which initially started with only 1,000 vehicles for testing water quality. Among the top 100, only the English word “Royal Oak” was written on the bottom cover of the watch, but none of them was written, “Off Shore”. Later, the word “offshore” was added to the watch. Students familiar with royal oaks should know that there are prefixes in the history of royal oaks, starting with D and then E. According to the batch, you can use the prefix to judge the production time. The end result is clear to all of you. The Royal Oak Coast Fire is still burning today.
What is the difference between today’s offshore market and the past?
In 2014, the 42mm Royal Oaks Sea was renewed at 26,470, 42mm Royal Oak Sea (plus a 44mm sea model). There are two major upgrades on the 42mm sea model introduced in 1993.
For the Royal Oak Sea 26470, pay attention to the ceramic crown and ceramic timing buttons.
1. The old sea crown, the buttons are rubber; when selling the sea crown, the button is replaced by ceramic.
The old offshore model uses a purchased timing movement and a solid bottom cover;
In addition to the important upgrades of the two technical configurations, the use of larger offshore grid decoration in the sale, the target ratio when adjusting the surface, the details have also been adjusted to become more fashionable and trendy. But since 1993, the overall appearance of the Royal Abbey Oak has remained essentially unchanged. The overseas version of Royal Oak is now widely distributed on the market. New funds, old funds, commemorative funds, special funds, etc., when you want to see the material time button, generally only look at the crown, ceramics, rubber, watching sports infiltration, can Judging most overseas new and old fund models.
For sale: Royal Oak Sea 26470, completely bottom, and use Eppie’s homemade 3126 chronograph movement.
Last but not least, it is important to note that Abby’s 25th Anniversary Offshore Type in 2018 launched the 25th Anniversary Offshore Model (26237), completely mimicking the 1993 offshore look, crown and thick bottom, Rubber button, but using Abby produced 3126 timing exercise (see), please pay attention to the distinction. Usually, if there is no extraordinary plot, the 42mm offshore model, you can buy 2647 with a public price of 190,000. The specific color can be chosen by yourself.
This year is the 30th year of China (Shenzhen) International Watch Fair. As the largest professional exhibition of watches and jewelry in Mainland China, we saw a number of new works launched by Chinese watch brands at the exhibition, which expressed the spirit of innovation and inheritance of domestic watches. Indeed, China has not entered the modern watch industry for a long time. It is still making progress in technology and creation, but there are also many domestic watches that are attractive enough. Today, the watch family recommends three domestic watches with good value for you. See if you like it?
Beijing watch classic series BG050512 watch
Watch Comments: This classic series of elite watches, diameter 38.5 mm, suiwatch for slim wrists, and men who like to match the small men’s watch. The case is made of rose gold-plated stainless steel, and the dark blue dial is decorated with a hydraulic three-dimensional sun pattern, which transmits energy and vitality. When it is gently rotated, it will show a dynamic circular flow, with the rose gold hour markers and hands more atmospheric.
FIYTA wind series GA801001.WLW watch
Watch Comments: This FIYTA Fengzhi series watch is a classic style daily men’s watch created by FIYTA. The diameter of the watch is 39.8 mm, made of stainless steel, and the blue dial is decorated with a sun sand pattern. A calendar display window is available at 3 o’clock. The overall style is simple and elegant, with a detailed “seven beads” structure bracelet, the overall appearance not only has the exquisite appearance of the watch, but also the vitality of the sports watch.
Rossini Yazun Business Series 8633W05C Watch
Watch Comments: Rossini was formerly a watch manufacturer in Switzerland opened in Singapore. In 1984, he moved to Zhuhai. This Rosina Business Collection is made of stainless steel with a 42 mm silver case. The blue dial is decorated with a solar radioactive pattern. The 9 o’clock position has hollow design and a rich layer of vision. At 11 o’clock, there is a 24-hour display panel with a distinctive red small pointer for clearer reading. The design of the bridge at the crown makes the overall style of the watch tough and protects the crown from bumps.
Summary: Many watch friends’ impressions of domestic watches remain in the old impressions of cheap, rough, low-segment, etc. In fact, we may wish to jump out of prejudice and see the efforts and development of Chinese local watch brands. In the modern watch industry, Chinese watch brands are still very young, and they must continue to advance in watchmaking technology. However, we will also find that there are a lot of domestic watches, the value of the customs, the price is real, it is also worth considering.
Watches are an accessory that many men love, a symbol of taste and identity. But wearing a watch is also very particular about it, it is related to health and beauty. The following man is the type to expose the correct position of the men’s watch.
Medical research shows that the human mouth and the mouth of the wrist are connected to the three pulse points of the human body. Its three veins have a great relationship with people’s physical health. This pulse point corresponds to the heart, the male left female right, the male’s heart is in the left position. Therefore, it is concluded that if a man wears a watch on his left hand, it will affect the normal operation of the heart. Therefore, it can be seen that the correct position of the men’s watch is in the right hand.
Men’s watch wear meaning
In today’s society, watches are more than just tools for looking at the time. Wearing a watch usually reflects that the person has a strong sense of time, is honest and trustworthy. In addition, men wear watches, it is a kind of self-confidence and steady performance, which can improve personal temperament and image.
Men’s watch wearing precautions
1. Wear different watches for different occasions
Men wear watches and choose different types on different occasions to highlight their unique tastes. In general, the more solemn the case, the better the watch is worn.
For those who don’t want to buy so many watches, it is recommended to buy a neutral style watch.
2, do not wear a watch to sleep
Wearing a watch to sleep, the strap tightens the wrist, if the wrist artery is pressed for a long time, it is easy to adversely affect the health of the body. Not only will it shorten the life of the watch, but it also is not conducive to health.
The above is the correct wearing position of the men’s watch and related content introduction, I hope to help everyone.
How do you pay attention to the maintenance of all kinds of watches? I believe many of my friends will ignore it, so let’s take a look.
What should I do if the watch is flooded?
If you encounter problems with the water in the watch, quickly use a paper towel or a towel to dry the surface of the water, or use a hairdryer to adjust to a small wind and blow it for a few minutes. If the water is very serious, send it to the water. Maintenance office.
How to maintain the mechanical watch
It’s best to keep it up every day for a fixed amount of time, but be careful not to get too tight. If it’s too tight, it’s likely to be broken because it’s too elastic.
How to maintain gold-plated watches
Gold-plated watches should not be exposed to chemicals, such as sulfur soap, etc., and to keep the surface clean, it is best not to carry it during exercise, because sweat will corrode the gold-plated watch.
How to maintain the electronic watch
When the electronic watch has no electricity, the electrons should be taken out, because the electrons that are not in the electricity remain in the watch, and there is a possibility that the electrons will corrode the movement. Also, don’t use too much force when pressing the electronic watch button.
Other maintenance tips
1. Don’t put your watch in the closet where you often store mothballs.
2, often open the back cover of the watch is not a good habit, because the gray layer will enter the watch core and will affect the operation of the watch.
3, do not bring the watch into the sauna or the hot springs, the high-temperature environment is very unfavorable to the watch.
How to carry out the maintenance of the watch, I believe you have already learned.
Witnessed the development track after the founding of the United States
CORUM is a 50-year limited edition of 22K gold and 925 sterling silver American Liberty coins, each limited to 100 pieces, which can be purchased in pairs or independently. Looking back on 1964, CORUM launched the first generation of coin watches, made with the famous 20-yuan Double Eagle coin with historical value, and the back of the watch was engraved with the Statue of Liberty; the Double Eagle coin was launched in 1849. Open circulation until 1933, it can be seen as the development trajectory of the United States after the founding of the country, immediately after the suspension of recycling, it became the object of collectors.
Many American presidents own this watch.
In the 1970s, CORUM was among the first watch brands to successfully produce precious coins watches. At that time, CORUM only used coins with good preservation status. The front of the coins was used as a dial, and the crystal glass mirrors were strictly protected. The achievements were rich in historical value. Wonderful timepieces. For nearly half a century, the method of making coins watches has always been the same: firstly, the coins are cut into front and rear halves for the dial and the back of the watch, and then the slim mechanical movement is assembled, and the classic timepiece is born. At that time, the coins filled with history immediately became the classics of CORUM. Many international celebrities are eagerly awaiting. The most representative nature is that many American presidents own this watch.
The two commemorative editions unveiled in 2015 were made with the 50-yuan double-eagle gold coin and the 1-yuan double-eagle silver coin minted in 2014; these two coins have never been publicly circulated, and they are decorated with the ancient 20-yuan double-eagle coin, symbolizing freedom. The American eagle, the Statue of Liberty, and the olive trunk symbolizing peace; the two commemorative editions continue the CORUM tradition, the gold model is 36 mm in diameter, and the sterling silver model is 43 mm in diameter. The crowns of both are also set with a diamond.
Appreciate the passing of time, while savoring the historical feelings
The two new collections combine historical charm and state-of-the-art production techniques. The CO 082 self-winding movement is sure to be highly sought after by mechanical timepiece connoisseurs. The CO 082 movement swings 28,800 times per hour (4 Hz) with time-division display and 42-hour power reserve. The movement is engraved with the CORUM logo; the back of the coin is engraved with the casting year (2014) ), the gold coin meter model has a waterproof depth of 30 meters and the silver coin watermark is 10 meters.
The two 50th Anniversary Limited Edition watches continue the historical tradition of CORUM, evoking the nostalgic mood of watch collectors; the watchmakers of the limited edition commemorative coin watch can appreciate the passing of time, but also the history in the same time. feelings.
The original Perpetual Ludwig was launched in 1996 to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the founding of Athens. Its uniquely designed perpetual calendar mechanism clearly displays every piece of information in the window, while allowing the wearer to adjust it back and forth through the crown, even at midnight, it is quite practical.
The iterative styles that followed have become larger and more ugly. Fortunately, Athens introduced the Classico Perpetual Ludwig Perpetual Calendar two years ago, and the watch returned to its original style, although it has a huge face.
This Classico Perpetual Ludwig watch is still equipped with the same movement as the 1996 version of the ancestor. Although it has been around for more than 20 years, it still seems to have a very unique and innovative meaning, and this new rework is equally worthwhile.
The name of the watch is derived from Ludwig Oeschlin, a self-taught, talented watchmaker with qualifications in ancient history and archaeology. During his time at the Athens Watch Company, Mr. Oeschlin was responsible for most of the brand’s inventions, including Freak whimsy and astronomical timepiece trilogy.
Oeschlin’s most fundamental innovation is embodied in the Perpetual Ludwig mechanism (patent numbers EP1351104B1 and CH696861A5), which operate in a stacked gear train design that replaces the elements of the traditional perpetual calendar using levers and springs, thus enabling it to Two-way adjustment, but at the cost of losing the instantaneous alternation effect during display.
Later, many perennial calendar works were based on the achievements of Mr. Oeschlin, such as Cartier Astrocalendar designed by Carole Forestier, and Oeschlin himself also founded a system based on innovation and minimalism. The watch brand, Ochs und junior, holds a minority stake in the company.
The works of Yuanzu are very classic and not fake. Although the wave-shaped enamel dial gives it a touch of bright color, it still looks a bit boring. Most of the later iterative styles are not very attractive, and the design is too verbose, and some even seem extreme.
As a result, Classico Perpetual Ludwig was quite lovable. It did not try to be anything new. On the contrary, it returned to its roots and recovered its original heart.
Because this new Perpetual Ludwig watch is larger than the Yuanzu style, the brand has made some adjustments to its dial to ensure a harmonious and well-balanced layout. Its hands are naturally widened and lengthened, and the delicate bar-shaped time scales are stretched a bit but still slim, and the overall combination makes the dial look clean and tidy.
The surface of the dial is modified with a matte grain pattern to create a slightly rough texture, but the overall look is very delicate, but the original enamel disk surface is less refined. Since the surfaces of the sub-dial and the logo mark are decorated with different processes – Azurage concentric ring carving and drawing process – they stand out from the rest of the dial. However, this seems to be unnecessary, because it gives the small seconds a higher level of existence than other major functions, but this is also a small problem. The dial is neat and beautiful, and the design is excellent. This is the most important.
Although the dial layout after the increase in size is still harmonious, the entire watch still looks a lot larger than the size it needs. In addition, it is relatively thin, and it looks like a plate with a combination of diameters.
The UN-33 movement is only 31mm wide, while the original Ludwig watch is only 38.5mm. If it is increased to 39mm or 40mm, it is very good, but the current situation is 41mm.
The Cal.UN-33 movement is visible through the back of the bottom. This is an exclusive self-winding movement in Athens that combines the patent perpetual calendar module. It is identical to the movement used in the 1996 Yuanzu style. Its swing frequency is 4Hz, which provides 48 hours of power reserve.
There is still a small history of its base movement: it was developed by the Lemania movement in 1995 for the Athens watch and Ebel, at the time of its last years. The movement is based on the Lemania Cal.1340 and is generally considered to be a multi-faceted mobile phone core that is well compatible with a wide range of complex functional modules.
The result was that Ebel took Cal.137, a chronograph movement, and the brand replaced El Primero with Zenith; the other was Cal.UN-33 on Perpetual Ludwig. It also has a derivative work, Lemania Cal.1377, which we now see on the Breguet Type XX chronograph Cal.582, and later Cal.583Q and 584Q.
In 2012, Athens acquired Cal.137 from Ebel and renamed it to UN-150.
A striking detail on the Cal.UN-33 movement is the “magic lever” two-way winding mechanism, which relies on a Y-shaped pawl.
Although the mechanism was invented by Seiko in 1969, it is currently popular among Swiss watch brands, including Vacheron Constantin, IWC and Cartier, because of its thin, sturdy and durable qualities.
Regardless of the size, the Classico Perpetual Ludwig is one of the most affordable perpetual calendars on the market. Of course, there are some brands that have introduced cheaper perpetual calendars (such as Montblanc), but they are almost all composed of ETA 2892 and Dubois-Depraz modules, even though their quality and performance are reliable. It is not very interesting.
Athens is a crocodile leather strap for this Classico Perpetual Ludwig perpetual watch. It is available in stainless steel only and is priced at $19,800.
If you’ve been tired of the modern version of the vintage dives and chronographs that have been designed with the popular symbols of the 1960s, then the protagonist of today’s article may rekindle your interest. In celebration and commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the brand’s founding, Mido was inspired by the 70s design style, creating a pair of classic commander timepieces. Based on the design philosophy of the 1979 Commander Series, the new Commander Shade series of beautiful commanders has attracted attention with its light-looking appearance, casual style, and approachable price.
The price of the US Commander’s Commander Shade watch is 6100 yuan, and the gold plated price is 7600 yuan. It can be used as both a casual watch and a formal dressing, so it is not a versatile one. If you are a newcomer to the workplace or want to find a good-looking entry-level mechanical watch, then this fashion and classic coexistence is definitely a good choice. For more details, please click to visit the official website of Mido.
In China, there are several ways to become a watchmaker:
1. National Route: To apply for the professional chronograph instrument of Tianjin University. The backbone technicians of many watch factories in China come from the school, such as Mr. Xu Yaonan, the master of Chinese watchmaking. In addition to studying watchmaking, I also learn to make an aviation bomb fuze. Is it cool?
2. Find Xu Yaonan, Xu Jiabao, Ma Xuyu, Lin Yonghua, Tan Zehua, Wang Zesheng, and other contemporary watchmakers to learn the art. This kind of learning style of the teacher and the hands can be more efficient for watchmaking.
3. Swiss brands and brand groups regularly recruit maintenance technicians in China. For example, the famous ones are Patek Philippe Talent Center (Shanghai), Shanghai Hayek Watch School (Rai Watch Group) and so on. Among them, the Patek Philippe Center of Excellence is the highest watchmaking institution in China (no one). It only recruits about 8 people a year, requires 18-20 years old, and accepts both men and women. There is no experience in repairing books (the so-called “white paper” teaching. , from zero orthodox). The English level is good, training in Switzerland for two years, and paying wages.
Apply to the Swiss watchmaking school. (The cost is very high, I am leaving my hometown, the difference between the schools, if there is demand, I will help to understand
The question about whether a waterproof watch can swim or not depends mainly on which waterproof level your watch is. Water-Resistant, 30m waterproof (30m, 3ATM, 3BAR), 50m waterproof (50m, 5ATM, 5BAR).
The 30 or 50 meters here does not mean that you can dive 30 or 50 meters, but it is equivalent to the pressure of 30, 50 meters in the static state. These three labels belong to the same level – life waterproof, you can understand to prevent a small amount of rain and splashing water.
100 meters waterproof (100m, 10ATM, 10BAR), you can wear it to wash the car, shower, but you can not soak it in the water.
300 meters waterproof (300m, 30ATM, 30BAR), this label represents a professional-grade waterproof watch that can be used for snorkeling. These watches usually have a rotating bezel, a helium-filled valve, and the time scale must be covered with a luminous coating to ensure the readability of the underwater information. Without these qualities, even if the waterproof depth is high, it is not a diving watch.
Can a waterproof watch take a swim? Can a waterproof watch make a hot spring?
Waterproof watches are not allowed to wear hot springs. Waterproof watches can be exposed to small amounts of moisture, such as a small amount of water when washing hands. However, there are some waterproof watches that can be immersed in water, and we should explain the depth of the water that the watch can resist. The depth of this resilience is measured by laboratory-tested atmospheric pressure standards (ATM or bar). Each 1 atmosphere is equivalent to a hydrostatic pressure of 10 meters. Any waterproof watch can not be used in hot water, even if it is waterproof 1000 meters. Because hot water can damage the seal of the watch, causing the watch to enter the water.
Waterproof watch against hot water?
Many people want to know if the waterproof watch can be prevented from cold water and hot water. Let’s take a look!
The seal of the waterproof watch is sealed by the rubber ring inside the watch. The rubber material itself has a life limit. Heating causes the rubber to soften, the elasticity increases, the deformation is more likely to cause leakage, and the degree of aging of the rubber is accelerated.
It can be seen that what kind of water the watch can protect depends on the material used for the sealing ring. If you use ordinary rubber, then hot water is definitely not protected; but if you use fluoro rubber, it is not a problem if you throw it into the hot spring. Generally, the meters marked with a water resistance of more than 100 meters are basically sealed with fluoro rubber, which can be used with confidence.